J-STAGE Data
Browse

sorry, we can't preview this file

Fig.OD-1.jpg (71.56 MB)

The old sightseeing guide paper “View of Bandaisan Shrine and Enichiji”: depicting the former hot spring 'Gishiki Onsen' at the southwestern foot of Bandai Volcano, northeastern Japan

Download (71.56 MB)
figure
posted on 2024-03-25, 07:54 authored by Shigeki Chiba

  

       Bandai volcano is situated in the central part of Fukushima prefecture, Japan. The altitude of this mountain is 1816m, and it consists of Mt. Bandai, Mt. Kushigamine and Mt. Akahani.

       During a geological survey in 1987, I discovered traces of a hot spring at the southwestern foot of Bandai volcano. At that time, I investigated ancient documents regarding the old hot spring, but found no record; thus it was a "mysterious hot spring" for quite some time. After that, in 2011, I found an old sightseeing guide paper “View of Bandaisan Shrine and Enichiji” with this hot spring trace drawn at an antiquarian bookstore and purchased it. The paper on this hot spring is “A hot spring called 'Gishiki Onsen', which once existed at the southwestern foot of Bandai Volcano”.

Fig.OD-1:An old sightseeing guide paper titled "View of Bandaisan Shrine and Enichiji"

        The publication year of the sightseeing guide paper is 1906 (Meiji 39). This sightseeing guide paper consists of a picture and accompanying commentary. The picture depicts Enichiji Temple in the foreground and Mt. Bandai and Mt. Nekoma in the background. In addition, the Gan-etsu Railway (now JR Ban-etsu West Line), which commenced operations in 1899 (Meiji 32), is illustrated on the lower left side of the picture. The commentary is related to Enichiji Temple. The picture shows the Bandai volcano drawn from the southwest direction, and illustration of a wooden house and a word “Gishiki Onsen” are drawn in the middle of its foot. Furthermore, Enichi-ji Temple was closed in 1869 (Meiji 2) due to the anti-Buddhism movement. After that, it was reestablished as a temple in 1904 (Meiji 37). The old sightseeing guide paper was published in 1906, closely after the temple was revived. 

History

Manuscript title

“Gishiki Onsen”, the mysterious hot spring ruins that existed at the southwest foot of Bandai Volcano

Article DOI

doi.org/10.15080/agcjchikyukagaku.78.1_15

Corresponding author email address

s.chiba@vesta.ocn.ne.jp

Title (in Japanese)

磐梯火山の南西麓に存在した「義敷温泉」を描いた古い名所案内書「磐梯山神社及恵日寺之景」

Description (in Japanese)

磐梯火山は,日本国の福島県の中央に位置する.この山の標高は1816mで,磐梯山・櫛ケ峰・赤埴山から構成される.著者は,1987年の地質調査の際に,磐梯火山の南西麓で温泉跡を発見した.当時,私はその温泉について古文書を調査したが記録はなく,長い間「謎の温泉」であった.その後の2011年に,古書店でこの温泉跡が描かれた古い名所案内書を見つけ購入した.この温泉に関する論文が「磐梯火山南西麓に存在した謎の温泉『義敷温泉』」であり,本オープンデータはその論文を補足するものである. Fig.OD-1:古い名所案内書「磐梯山神社及恵日寺之景」  古い名所案内書の発行年は,1906年(明治39年)である.この古い名所案内書は絵と解説文からなる.絵は,前景に慧日寺が後景に磐梯山と猫魔山が描かれている.また,絵の左下側には,1899年(明治32年)に開通した岩越鉄道(現JR磐越西線)が描かれている.解説文は,慧日寺に関するものである.絵には南西方向から描かれた磐梯火山があり,その裾野の中腹には木造家屋の絵と文字「義敷温泉」がある.また,慧日寺は廃仏毀釈運動によって1869年(明治2年)廃寺となった.その後,1904年(明治37年)に寺院として復活した.古い名所案内書の発行は,寺院として復活直後の1906年である.

Manuscript title (in Japanese)

磐梯火山の南西山麓に存在した謎の温泉,「義敷温泉」

Authors (in Japanese)

千葉茂樹

Copyright

Public Domain

Usage metrics

    地球科学/Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku)

    Licence

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC