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Source of the spring at the ruins of the former "Gishiki Onsen" once located at the southwestern foot of Bandai Volcano, northeastern Japan

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posted on 2024-03-25, 07:55 authored by Shigeki Chiba

  

       Bandai volcano is situated in the central part of Fukushima prefecture, Japan. The altitude of this mountain is 1816m, and it consists of Mt. Bandai, Mt. Kushigamine and Mt. Akahani.

       During a geological survey in 1987, I discovered traces of a hot spring at the southwestern foot of Bandai volcano. At that time, I investigated ancient documents regarding the old hot spring, but found no record; thus it was a "mysterious hot spring" for quite some time. After that, in 2011, I found an old sightseeing guide paper “View of Bandaisan Shrine and Enichiji” with this hot spring trace drawn at an antiquarian bookstore and purchased it. The paper on this hot spring is “A hot spring called 'Gishiki Onsen', which once existed at the southwestern foot of Bandai Volcano”.

Fig.OD-2:Photographs of the spring source at the ruins of "Gishiki Onsen" located at the southwestern foot of Bandai Volcano

       Figures A and B are photographs of the source of the spring. Figure A shows the situation on April 12, 1987, while Figure B shows the situation on May 4, 2022. Figure C is a photograph of the flat land where the hot spring was situated looking down from near the source. It can be seen that the water flowing out from the source flows in two directions. Figure D is a photograph of a yellow-orange precipitate seen near the spring source.

History

Manuscript title

“Gishiki Onsen”, the mysterious hot spring ruins that existed at the southwest foot of Bandai Volcano

Article DOI

doi.org/10.15080/agcjchikyukagaku.78.1_15

Corresponding author email address

s.chiba@vesta.ocn.ne.jp

Title (in Japanese)

磐梯火山の南西麓に存在した「義敷温泉」跡に見られる源泉

Description (in Japanese)

磐梯火山は,日本国の福島県の中央に位置する.この山の標高は1816mで,磐梯山・櫛ケ峰・赤埴山から構成される.著者は,1987年の地質調査の際に,磐梯火山の南西麓で温泉跡を発見した.当時,私はその温泉について古文書を調査したが記録はなく,長い間「謎の温泉」であった.その後の2011年に,古書店でこの温泉跡が描かれた古い名所案内書を見つけ購入した.この温泉に関する論文が「磐梯火山南西麓に存在した謎の温泉『義敷温泉』」であり,本オープンデータはその論文を補足するものである. Fig.OD-2:磐梯火山の南西麓「義敷温泉」跡に見られる源泉の写真  図A・Bは源泉の写真で、図Aは1987年4月12日の様子、図Bは2022年5月4日の様子である.図Cは,温泉のあった平坦地を源泉付近から見下ろした写真である.源泉から流れ出した水が,2方向に分かれて流れているのがわかる.図Dは,源泉付近で見られる黄橙色の沈殿物の写真である.

Manuscript title (in Japanese)

磐梯火山の南西山麓に存在した謎の温泉,「義敷温泉」

Authors (in Japanese)

千葉茂樹

Copyright

© 2024 The Association for the Geological Collaboration in Japan

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    地球科学/Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku)

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