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Data related to the Geology and petrography of the Late Cretaceous Nagato–Hōhoku caldera

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posted on 20.06.2022, 09:56 authored by Teruyoshi Imaoka, Akira Babazono, Takafumi Sonehara, Toshiyuki Ikawa, Hidetaka Nagamatsu

Fig. A1. Field photographs of the Awano Conglomerate and Sandstone Member. (a) Conglomerate facies to the east of Awano in Hōhoku-Chō. (b) Interbedded tuffaceous sandstone, siltstone, and shale near the locality of (a). (c) Photomicrograph of an accretionary lapilli from the forestry  road east of the Awano River. Note the coarsegrained core with mafic crystals and fine-grained concentrically laminated rim.

Fig. A2. Representative photomicrographs of (a) the Hōzōyama Lapilli Tuff Member, which contains biotite crystals formed by contact metamorphism, and (b) the Ōtōyama Tuff Member. Kfs: K-feldspar, Bt: biotite, Pum: pumice, Lf: lithic fragment.

Fig. A3. Field photograph of the Asōgawa Shale and Tuff Member at Ōhiraba, Ōmishima Island, Nagato City: wellstratified shale and tuff that dip gently to the south. Photograph by Shinichi Nagayama, using a drone.

Fig. A4. Photomicrographs of (a) the Daibōgawa Rhyolite Tuff Member, (b) a representative sample of the Kumanodake Rhyolite Tuff Member, (c) densely welded tuffs of the Kumanodake Rhyolite Tuff Member, and (d) an andesite of the Kunihiro Andesite Member containing biotite clots formed by contact metamorphism caused by the intrusion of the Okuhata Granite and the Kusazoeyama Granodiorite. Qtz: quartz, Kfs: K-feldspar, Pl: plagioclase, Bt: biotite, Opq: opaque mineral.

Fig. A5. Photograph of the Funakoshi Rhyolite Tuff Member.

Fig. A6. Photomicrographs of the Kitakohara Felsic Intrusive Rock. (a) Felsite, (b) granite porphyry, (c) finegrained granite containing tourmaline, and (d) micrographic texture in the groundmass of the granite porphyry. Qtz: quartz, Kfs: K-feldspar, Pl: plagioclase, Tur: tourmaline.

Fig. A7. Field photographs from Heikedai on Ōmishima Island. (a) Roof pendant (RP) of the Asōgawa Shale and Tuff Member on the Ōmishima Granite (Gr). (b) Ōmishima Granite with a miarolitic texture. (c) Contact between the tonalite (To) and quartz porphyry (Qp). (d) Fine-grained granite dike (“Shirahataiwa”, white flag rock). (e) Swarm of mafic microgranular enclaves (MMEs) in the Ōmishima Granite at Fūfudo, Ōmishima Island. (f) MMEs with various shapes in the Ōmishima Granite.

Fig. A8. Photomicrographs of (a) the Sakane Granodiorite Porphyry, (b, c) the Agawa Diorite Porphyry, and (d) dolerite. Qtz: quartz, Kfs: K-feldspar, Pl: plagioclase, Hbl: hornblende, Cpx: clinopyroxene, Opx: orthopyroxene, Opq: opaque mineral.

Fig. A9. Field photograph of a clastic dike (Cd) intruding into the Awano Conglomerate and Sandstone Member (Awa) at Ōura, Shimonoseki City. The Agawa Diorite Porphyry dike (Po), which intrudes into Awa, is cut by the clastic dike.

Table A1. Representative whole-rock chemical compositions of the Abu Group in the Nagato–Hōhoku area.

Funding

Changing processes from flat-slab subduction to slab roll-back from Jurassic to Cretaceous at the eastern margin of Asian continents

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

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Cretaceous caldera volcanic eruption and roll back process of the plate in the eastern margin of the Asian continent

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

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History

Corresponding author email address

imaoka@yamaguchi-u.ac.jp

Translated manuscript title

山口県後期白亜紀長門-豊北カルデラの地質と岩石:グラーベン・カルデラ との比較

Translated authors

今岡照喜 ,馬塲園 明,曽根原崇文,井川寿之,永松秀崇

Copyright

©︎2022 The Geological Society of Japan