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Performance Stabilization of Lithium-Sulfur Batteries Containing Sulfolane-based Electrolyte and Microporous Cathode by Controlling Working Voltage Range (Supporting Information)

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posted on 2023-05-25, 06:40 authored by Takeshi TONOYA, Yukiko MATSUI, Hidenori HINAGO, Masashi Ishikawa

For lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries, high-concentration electrolyte that inhibits the dissolution of Li polysulfide has been widely studied; one such electrolyte contains sulfolane. This study investigates the conditions under which a microporous activated carbon cathode, derived from azurmic acid, operates stably in a sulfolane-based electrolyte. We expected this cathode to maintain a stable capacity in a sulfolane-based electrolyte because its micropores stabilize the S species. However, Li-S batteries containing this cathode and electrolyte exhibit significant capacity decay during cycling. The cutoff voltage during charge-discharge cycling is varied to suppress the capacity decay. At a discharge voltage of 1.4 V or lower, the cycle life of the Li-S batteries is significantly reduced. Conversely, increasing the cutoff voltage during discharge suppresses the capacity decay of Li-S batteries. On the other hand, increasing the upper voltage limit during charging increases the reversible capacity. Thus, the operating voltage range is optimized. This study indicates that the voltage range of Li-S batteries should be carefully determined depending on the type of cathode material and electrolyte.

Funding

Positive electrode insoluble lithium-sulfur battery team

Japan Science and Technology Agency

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Corresponding author email address

masaishi@kansai-u.ac.jp

Copyright

© 2023 The Author(s).

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