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Impact of pH and Composition of Phosphovanadomolybdate Anionic Catholytes on the Performance of Redox Flow Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (Supporting Information)

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posted on 2024-07-03, 00:44 authored by Shinji NARUSE, Yuki OSHIRO, Shintaro NAKADA, Hiroki MUROYAMA, Toshiaki MATSUI, Koichi EGUCHI
A H15P3V6Mo18O84 aqueous solution containing phosphovanadomolybdate anions such as [PV3Mo9O40]6− and [PV2Mo10O40]5− were applied to a catholyte of redox flow polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). This system enables continuous power generation by the electrochemical reduction of the phosphovanadomolybdate anions over the carbon cathode and subsequent reoxidation of the reduced phosphovanadomolybdate anions in the cathode tank. Currently, investigations on H15P3V6Mo18O84 aqueous solution have been limited to compositional analysis only, and there are no reports of its application to the catholyte. In this study, the performance of H15P3V6Mo18O84 aqueous solution using as the catholyte in redox flow PEFCs was investigated. In addition, the pH of catholytes was increased, and effects on the performance were compared. Current–voltage measurements showed that increasing the pH (0.3 → 2.5) decreased the power density (42 mW cm−2 → 17 mW cm−2). On the other hand, the reduction–reoxidation operation showed that increasing the pH increased the reoxidation rate of the phosphovanadomolybdate anions (0.5 mmol min−1 → 2.2 mmol min−1). This study is the first step toward the use of H15P3V6Mo18O84 aqueous solution as a catholyte in redox flow PEFCs.

Funding

Development of Pt-free fuel cell with polyoxometalate as a mediator

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

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Corresponding author email address

matsui@elech.kuic.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Copyright

© 2024 The Author(s).

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