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Anodic Dissolution during Electrorefining of Al–Zn Alloys in Lewis Acidic AlCl3–EmImCl Ionic Liquid (Supporting Information)

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Version 2 2024-03-29, 01:13
Version 1 2024-03-14, 07:42
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posted on 2024-03-29, 01:13 authored by Junji NUNOMURA, Hisayoshi MATSUSHIMA, Yoshihiko KYO, Yoichi KOJIMA, Mikito UEDA
The anodic dissolution reaction of Al–Zn alloys containing a Zn solid solution in Lewis acidic AlCl3–1-ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium chloride (EmImCl) ionic liquids at various potentials is investigated herein. An enrichment layer was formed on the anode surface after applying constant potentials of 0.3 and 0.7 V in the 60 mol%AlCl3–40 %EmImCl (60 % AlCl3) electrolyte and 0.2 V in the 67 mol%AlCl3–33 %EmImCl (67 %AlCl3) electrolyte. Consequently, metallic Zn was detected in the enriched layer using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Notably, in the 60 %AlCl3 electrolyte, high-purity Al was obtained at a much nobler potential than the dissolution potential of pure Zn, suggesting that the anodic dissolution of Zn from the Al–Zn alloy into the electrolyte was difficult. When electrorefining Al–Zn alloy anodes containing a Zn solid solution using 60 %AlCl3, which has lower acidity than the 67 %AlCl3 electrolyte, it is possible to increase the anodic potential from 0.2 to 0.7 V. At this higher potential, high-purity Al is obtained at the cathode.

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Corresponding author email address

nunomura-junji@uacj.co.jp

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© 2024 The Author(s).

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